Images of the past

A chronologue of beauty

Thursday, 25 April 2013

German Style from 1468-1588


Catherine of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria as Salome,1468

Portrait of a Woman of the Hofer Family,c. 1470

Ernest,Elector of Saxony and his wife Elisabeth of Bavaria,c. 1470s

Albrecht I,Duke of Saxony and his wife Zdenka of Bohemia,c. 1470s

Ulrich der Vielgeliebte and his wives Margarethe of Cleve,Elisabeth von Bayern-Landshut and Margarethe of Savoy,1470-80

Portrait of Ursula Tucher by Michael Wolgemut,1478

Portrait of Kunigunde of Austria,1465-1520

"The Gotha Lovers" by Master Of The Housebook,c. 1480

"The seven women are forced into idolatry" by a Swabian painter,1480-90

Portrait of Kunigunde of Austria,Duchess of Bavaria,c. 1485

Hemma von Gurk wearing the Order of the Swan by Sebald Bopp,c. 1490

Portrait of a married couple by Wolfgang Beurer,c. 1480-1500

Portrait of a married couple,det.

Christine of Saxony,Queen of Denmark,c. 1492

Posthumous portrait of Margaret of Mosbach,Countess Palatine,1490s

Margaret of Saxony, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg,c. 1495

Portrait of a woman holding a flower by Mair von Landshut,active c. 1485 – 1510

Detail from the Mater Dolorosa altarpiece by Albrecht Dürer,1494-1497

Detail from the Mater Dolorosa altarpiece by Albrecht Dürer,1494-1497

The Ill-Assorted Couple by Albrecht Dürer,c. 1496

 "The four witches" by Albrecht Dürer,1497

  Detail of praying ladies from a German painting of Mary with the infant Jesus

 Detail of praying ladies from a German painting of Mary with the infant Jesus,det.

  Detail of praying ladies from a German painting of Mary with the infant Jesus,det.

Albrecht III Burgrave of  Neuremberg and his wives Elisabeth of Luxemburg and 
Beatrix von Zollern,1497

Portrait of a Young Fürleger Albrecht Dürer,c. 1497

Self-Portrait at 26 by Albrecht Dürer,1498

Wedding portrait from Jakob Fugger the rich and his wife Sibylla Artzt by 
Thomas Burgkmair,1498 

Young Couple Threatened by Death or the Promenade by Albrecht  Dürer,c. 1498

Portrait of Felicitas Tucher Albrecht Dürer,1499

Portrait of Elisabeth Tucher Albrecht Dürer,c. 1499

Woman fron Nürnberg in a dancing dress by Albrecht Dürer,1500

Barbara Wespach by an unknown Ulm Master, 1500

Woman from Nuremberg dressed for Church by Albrecht Dürer,c. 1500

Ursula Greckin by an unknown Ulm Master,c. 1500

Portrait of a young woman as allegory warning against foolishness and false love 
attr.to the Master of the portraits of the Princes,1485-1500

Bust of a woman from the workshop of Veit Stoss,c. 1500

  Couples dancing in the dance house of Augsburg,1500

 Couples dancing in the dance house of Augsburg,1500

Detail from the Bieselbach Altar,c. 1501

Presentation of Christ in the Temple by Hans Holbein,1502

Portrait of the Walther family from Augsburg,1502

Jadwiga Jagiellonka,Duchess of Bavaria by Mair von Landshut,1502

Portrait of Anna Cuspinian by Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1502

"Phyllis riding Aristotle" print made by Master MZ,c. 1500-03

Detail of a saint form the Paumgartner altar by  Albrecht Dürer,1503

 Detail of praying women from the Paumgartner altar by Albrecht Dürer,1503

Piper and Drummer Albrecht Dürer,1503

Design for a Coat of arms with a Skull by Albrecht Dürer,1503

Portrait of Ulrich Schwarz and his family by Hans Holbein the Elder,c.1503

Polyptych of John the Merciful The Miracle at the tomb of the Patriarch by Jan Goraj,1504

Portraits of Claus Stalburg and Margarete von Rhein by the 
Master of the Stalburg portraits,1504

Detail of the portrait of Margarethe von Rhein

 Basilica San Paolo by Hans Holbein the Elder,1504

  Basilica San Paolo by Hans Holbein the Elder,det.

  Basilica San Paolo by Hans Holbein the Elder,det.

 Basilica San Paolo by Hans Holbein the Elder,det.

Fortune by the Master MZ,1505

Detail from the altar of Sts. Sigismund and Sebastian by 
Hans Burgkmair the Elder,1505

St. Catherine altarpiece by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1506

St. Catherine altarpiece,det.

St. Catherine altarpiece,det.

St. Catherine altarpiece,det.

St. Catherine altarpiece,det.

Portrait of Sibylla von Freyberg by Bernhard Strigel ,by 1515

The Visitation by the Master MS,1506

Sts. George and Agnes by Hans Baldung,1506

 Sketch of Bianca Maria Sforza,Holy Roman Empress

Sketch of Bianca Maria Sforza,Holy Roman Empress,died in 1510

Bianca Maria Sforza,Holy Roman Emperess by Bernard Stigel,1507

Sts. Dorothy and Apollonia from the St.Sebastian Altar by Hans Baldung, 1507

Portrait of Hendrik,Count of Mecklenburg by Jacopo de Barbari,1507
Portrait of a woman,16th c.

Duke Sigmund of Tyrol with his wife Eleanor of Austria and 
two unknown females in the Schloss Tratzberg, 1507-08

Bianca Maria Sforza,Holy Roman Emperess by Bernard Stigel,1505-10

Judith and Holofernes by Albrecht Altdorfer,1508

The Adoration of the Magi by Master MS,1506-10

Portrait of Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1509

Portrait of Johann the Steadfast,Elector of Saxony by 
Lucas Cranach the Elder,1509

Frederick the Wise,Elector of Saxony and a saint from an 
altarpiece of the Holy Family,1509

Ottilie von Katzenelnbogen and her daughters by Hans Baldung,1509-10

The martyrdom of St. Barbara by Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1510

Altar painting from Western Pomerania,c. 1510

 Portrait of Casimir,Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach by Hans von Kulmbach,1511

"Lucretia",workshop of  Lucas Cranach the Elder

"Judgment of Paris" by Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1512-14

Lucretia by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1512

Drawings of man in costume from 1512 in the background, a shop with shopkeepers 
from the Nuremberger Schonbart
Martyrdom of St. Katharine by Hans Holbein the Elder, 1512

Group sculpture with a knight,lady and child from Tyrol,c. 1510-15

Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg being presented with a book in a 
print ascribed to Martin Kaldenbach or Conrad Merckel,1513

Portrait of a Lady by Lucas Cranach,c. 1513

Duke Heinrichs des Frommen and his wife Katharina von Mecklenburg by 
Lucas Cranach the Elder,1514

Detail of the Crucifiction by Albrecht Altdorfer,1509-16 

 "Battle of Emperor Maximillian" by Albrecht Altdorfer,1513-15

Sigismund von Dietrichstein by Hans Maler,c. 1515

Detail from Barbara Altar by Jerg Ratgeb in the town church in Schwaigern
 Three Dancing Couples Led by Two Knights in Room with a Column, c. 1515
Three Couples in a Circle Dance, c. 1515
Joachim I Nestor,Elector of Brandenburg by  Lucas Cranach the Elder
Portrait of a man by Lucas Cranach the Elder,first half of 16th c.

Portrait of a lady by Bernhard Strigel,1465-1528

Saint George killing the dragon by Leonhard Beck, c. 1515

Saint George killing the dragon,det.

Dorothea Meyer by Hans Holbein the Younger,1516
The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian Hans Holbein the Elder, c. 1516
 Beheading of St. Dorothea by Hans Krell, 1516

Count Philip by Hans Baldung,1517

 Main altar of St. Blasius, Kaufbeuren, Germany,c. 1518

Anna Buchner by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1518

 The Vöhlin family prayer by Bernhard Strigel,1519

Codex Durlach prayer book of the Margravine of  Brandenburg,1520

Johanna von Berselle by the Meister of Meßkirch,1520

Christ taking leave of his Mother by Albrecht Altdorfer,c. 1520

The judgement of Paris by Niklaus Manuel Deutsch,c. 1520

Miniature portrait of a Lady by circle of Hans Holbein the Younger

Kunigunde,Countess of Sonnenberg


Portrait of a lady,after Hans Krell

Magdalena of Saxony Margravine of Brandenburg by
 Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1520

Portrait of a man by Hans Brosamer,1521

Freco with members of the Welf family in the Stiftskirche St. Johannes in Steingaden

Oberried Altarpiece, left interior wing with the "Adoration of the Magi" 
by Hans Holbein the Younger,1522

The Whore Babylon by Hans Burgkmair,1523

Basel Woman Walking towards the Left, Costume Study by 
Hans Holbein the Younger, 1523

1524 Basel Woman with Ostrich Feather Hat, Costume Study from the workshop of 
Hans Holbein the Younger, 1523-26

The von Bubenhofen family by the Master of Meßkirch,before 1523

Portrait of Maria Welzer by Hans Maler,1524

Detail of a carving of the Ten Commandments from Nuremberg,1524

Detail of a carving of the Ten Commandments from Nuremberg,1524

Portrait of Ferdinand I,Holy Roman Emperor by Hans Maler,1524-25

"Young woman and death" by Hans Baldung

Ursula Weix by Barthel Beham,c. 1520s

Martyrdom of St. Ursula by the Master of the legend of St. Philip,1520-30

Cupid complaining to Venus by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1525

Portrait of a Man by Christoph Amberger,1525

Portrait of a man by a German Augsburg painter,c. 1525
History of Cloelia by Melchior Feselen
Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria by Hans Schwab von Wertinger

Jakobaea of Baden,Duchess of Bavaria by Hans Schwab von Wertinger

Sketch portrait of Anna Meyer by Hans Holbein the Younger,1526

The Mayer Madonna by Hans Holbein,1526-28

Ana Meyer,detail from the Mayer Madonna

David and Bathsheba by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1526

Sybille of Cleves,Electress Saxony by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1526

Two nobles by Hans Holbein the Younger,c. 1526

Young woman with a red hat  by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1525-30

Female Musician by Hans Baldung,Musician,c. 1525-30

Margarethe Rott by Bernhard Strigel,1527

Portrait of Anna Durer,1527

Portrait of a Lady,c. 1528

Anna of Rožmitál by Jacob Seisenegger,1529

 Zacharias of Hradce by Jacob Seisenegger , 1529

August of Saxony as a bridegroom,1529

Wolfgang Ronner by Hans Maler,1529

Portrait of Magdalena of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg by
 Lucas Cranach the Elder, c. 1529
Susanna of Bavaria,Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth 
by Peter Gertner,1529-30

Phyllis and Aristotle by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1530

Christine of Saxony, Landgravine of  Hesse by Jost von Hoff, c. 1530

Judith at the table of Holofernes by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1531

Sybille of Cleves by Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1531

 The whore of Babylon by Matthias Gerung,1530-31

St. Barbara by the Master Meßkirch,1531- 32

St. Ursula  by the Master Meßkirch,1531- 32

Portrait of Princess Emilia of Saxony by Hans Krell,1532

Dances in the Open Air by Hans Durer,1532

Portrait of a woman by Barthel Bruyn the Elder,1533

Christiana Eulenau by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1534

Dr. Johann Scheiring by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1534

Portrait of Princesses Sybille, Emilia and Sidonia of Saxony by Lucas Cranach the Elder,c. 1535

Sibylle of Saxony,Duchess of Saxe-Lauenbourg,c. 1535

Portrait of a lady in a velvet dress by Peter Gertner

Justinian von Holzhausen and Anna von Holzhausen,1536

Katarina Merian by Hans Brosamer,c. 1530s

Sybille of Cleves,Electress of Saxony in Coburg dress 
by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Albrecht VII,Duke of Mecklenburg,died 1547

 Portrait of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse by Hans Krell,1534-39

Margareta Eriksdotter Vasa  by Master Hillebrandt,16th c.

Portrait of a Lady by Barthel Beham,1537

Suzanna of Bavaria, Margravine of Brandebourg-Culmbach by Barthel Beham

Portrait of Felicitas Seiler by Christoph Amberger,1537

The Sermon of St. John the Baptist by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1537

Portrait of a Lady with her daughter by Bartholomäus Bruyn the Elder,1530-45

Elisabeth Bellinghausen by Bartholomäus Bruyn the Elder,c. 1530s

Portrait of Cleophea Holzhalb by Hans Asper,1538

 Kissing Couple by Heinrich Aldegrever, 1538
Dancing couple by Heinrich Aldegrever, 1538

Cimmerian Sibyl by Ludger tom Ring the Elder after Robert Campin, c. 1538

Anne of Cleves by Hans Holbein the Younger,1539

Noli me Tangere by Hans Baldung,1539

Portrait of Margarethe von der Saale,1539

Portrait of a Lady by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1539

Sybille of Cleves,Elertess of Saxony by a follower of 
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Feast of Herod by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1539

Portrait of a mother and her two daughters

Maria Jacobäa of Baden,Duchess of Bavaria by Hans Schöpfer,c. 1540

Anne of Cleves by Barthel Bruyn,c. 1540

Portrait of a woman by Hans Mielich,1540
Portrait of a lady by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1540

Detail from "Hunting near Hartenfels Castle" by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1540

Portrait of a Lady  in a green velvet and orange dress and a pearl 
embroidered black hat by Lucas Cranach the Younger,c. 1541

Anna tom Ring by Ludger tom Ring,1541

Sybille of Cleves by Lucas Cranach the Younger

Lady and Death by Sebald Beham,1541

Elisabeth of Austria , Queen of Poland by Monogrammist PF,c. 1540s

Anna von Minckwitz by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1543

Maximilian II,Holy Roman Emperor by Jakob Seisenegger,1545

Archduchess Anna of Austria,Duchess of Bavaria by Jakob Seisenegger,1545

 Maria and Margaret of Saxony,daughters of John the Steadfast,Elector of Saxony

 John Ernest,Duke of Saxe-Coburg son of John the Steadfast,
Elector of Saxony,as a young boy

 John Ernest of Saxony,Duke of Saxe-Coburg and his wife Katharina 

John Frederick I,Elector of Saxony and his wife Sybille of Cleves

Detail from the painting "The Fountain of Youth" by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1546

Detail from the painting "The Fountain of Youth" by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1546

Detail from the painting "The Fountain of Youth" by Lucas Cranach the Elder,1546

"The nobles of Deutschland" from the Códice de Trajes,1547

Ursula von Fugger and her husband Joachim von Ortenburg from the 
Fugger Ehrenbuch by Jorg Breu the Younger ,1545-9 

Katherine of Mecklenburg,Duchess of Saxony  by 
Lucas Cranach the Younger,1547

Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria by jakob Seisenegger,1548

Anna of Denmark,Electress of Saxony by 
Lucas Cranach the Younger,1550

Portrait of a Lady,c. 1550

Barbara Radziwiłl,Queen of Poland,c. 1550

Detail from the Croy tapestry with portraits of the Ducal family of Saxony and Pomerania,1554-56

Detail from the Croy tapestry

Portrait of Anna Jagiellonka by a Polish court painter, follower of 
Lucas Cranach the Younger,1555

Portrait of Katharina Jagiellonka by a Polish court painter, follower of 
Lucas Cranach the Younger,1555
Archduchess Maria of Austria, Duchess of  Jülich - Cleve - Berg by Hans Besser,c. 1555

Detail from "Baptism of Christ" by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1556

Archduchess Anna of Bavaria by Hans Muelich,1556

Detail from the  "Allegory of Redemption" by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1557

Gravestone of Countess Kunigunde Hojos,1557

Coronation of Ferdinand I,Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt,1558

Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach,Electress of Brandenburg,c. 1560

Ermengarde and Walburgis Countesses of Rietberg by Hermann tom Ring,1564

Portrait of a Lady by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1564

Elisabeth of Saxony, Countess Palatine of Simmern by 
Lucas Cranach the  Younger,c. 1564

Jadwiga Jagiellonka of Poland by Hans Krell,1560s

Portrait of a woman

Anna of Denmark,Duchess of Saxony,c. 1560s

Barbara Radziwill by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1565

Miniature of Elisabeth of  Habsburg by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1565

Portrait of a woman by Bartholomaus Bruyn the Younger,1560-70

Christine of Hesse,Duchess of Holstein Gottorp,1560-70s

Portrait of Mette von Munchhausen by Ludger tom Ring the Younger ,c. 1572

Detail from Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor and His Family by 
Ludger tom Ring the Younger, c. 1575–80

Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor and His Family,det.

Margarethe Elisabeth von Ansbach-Bayreuth by Lucas Cranach the Younger,1579

 Portrait of a noblewoman after the manner of Ludger tom Ring,1580s


5 comments:

  1. An interesting blog. I was drawn by googling for an image of "The Gotha Lovers". The work by Albrecht Duerer which is here labelled "Three Witches" is usually called "Four Witches". But it does take its composition from "The Three Graces", which dates back to classical times. There is a mural of them at Pompeii. Duerer has added a lesser fourth figure. There is a similar arrangement in Pontormo's "The Visitation" with figures of Mary and Elizabeth (Mary's cousin, and mother of John the Baptist) and their maids. I call these works "Douglas Adams trios" after the trilogy (with four or five books) of "A Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". The use of three balanced against the one was a classical painting arrangement. David uses it in "The Oath of the Horatii", where the four male figures, the three brothers and their father, are of like mind, but are compositionally opposed. Pierre-Nacisse Guerin's "Aeneas telling Dido of the Woes of Troy" and Jean-Baptiste Greuze's "Septimius Severus Reprimanding His Son Caracalla" (Greuze's actual title is much longer) both use a couch to form two groups of figures, one with a single figure, the other with a group of three. In the cycle of legends around the fall of Troy the archer Philoctetes is needed to bring about the fall. He fells Paris with four arrows. The first misses, the second grazes Paris, the third takes out Paris' right eye, and the fourth finally does him in. Similarly in Irish myth the healer Miach is killed by four blows from his father (who is jealous of Miach's ability) - the first grazes Miach's scalp, the second cuts to the bone, the third cuts into the brain, and the fourth, the one that finally kills, cuts the brain in half.

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    Replies
    1. You're right about the title it is the four witches,thanks for pointing that out to me,it was a slip of the pen.Thank you for the interesting comment.

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  2. Forgive it not to Judith and Holofernes by Albrecht Altdorfer, 1508, and "Solomey with John the Baptist's head"

    ReplyDelete